Optimización de un ciclón tipo Stairmand mediante el uso de simulación aerodinámica y tecnología de monitoreo IoT, con implementación de sistema de alarma para la colección de material particulado de entre 2 y 10 µm

Thesis Subjects > Engineering Ibero-american International University > Research > Doctoral Thesis Cerrado Español Un ciclón es un equipo de separación de materiales sólidos suspendidos en gases y sus aplicaciones industriales se centran principalmente en la recolección de polvos con partículas de entre 2 y 10 µm. Las investigaciones actuales utilizan análisis de fluidodinámica computacional (CFD) a partir de modelos CAD (diseño asistido por computadora) para optimización de ciclones, permitiendo predecir comportamientos de entrada y salida. Las tecnologías de sensado e IoT (Internet of Things) también permiten obtener información importante del proceso de colección. El objetivo esta investigación está dirigido a incrementar la eficiencia de un ciclón tipo Stairmand en la separación de contaminantes particulados con un tamaño entre los 2 y 10 µm, haciendo uso de CFD e IoT para la optimización de variables geométricas, dimensionales, de entrada y salida de un sistema primario de colección mecánica a escala. El alcance de esta investigación está orientado a un estudio del tipo descriptivo y correlacional a partir de un diseño cuasi experimental. La metodología consistió en: a) obtener los cálculos de diseño geométrico de un ciclón Stairmand para partículas de entre 2 y 10 µm, b) diseño y modelado CAD del ciclón basado en los cálculos geométricos obtenidos en el punto a, c) análisis fluidodinámico computacional del modelo CAD integrando las variables de entrada/salida y ajustes de parámetros geométricos, d) optimización de los parámetro geométricos a partir de análisis estadístico de regresión lineal múltiple, e) diseño, validación y fabricación del modelo optimizado con manufactura aditiva, f) fabricación de un sistema de monitoreo de bajo costo de temperatura, caudal de entrada/salida, velocidad de entrada/salida, presión de operación y material particulado presente, utilizando tecnología IoT, g) sistema de alarma que indique, cuando los criterios ambientales en donde este expuesto el trabajador fuera de rango, con base a la NOM-025-SSA1-2021. Se logó incrementar la eficiencia de colección de un modelo teórico de 86.16% a un modelo optimizado a escala de 93.6%. metadata Montijo Valenzuela, Eliel Eduardo mail eliel.montijo@doctorado.unini.edu.mx (2023) Optimización de un ciclón tipo Stairmand mediante el uso de simulación aerodinámica y tecnología de monitoreo IoT, con implementación de sistema de alarma para la colección de material particulado de entre 2 y 10 µm. Doctoral thesis, UNSPECIFIED.

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Abstract

Un ciclón es un equipo de separación de materiales sólidos suspendidos en gases y sus aplicaciones industriales se centran principalmente en la recolección de polvos con partículas de entre 2 y 10 µm. Las investigaciones actuales utilizan análisis de fluidodinámica computacional (CFD) a partir de modelos CAD (diseño asistido por computadora) para optimización de ciclones, permitiendo predecir comportamientos de entrada y salida. Las tecnologías de sensado e IoT (Internet of Things) también permiten obtener información importante del proceso de colección. El objetivo esta investigación está dirigido a incrementar la eficiencia de un ciclón tipo Stairmand en la separación de contaminantes particulados con un tamaño entre los 2 y 10 µm, haciendo uso de CFD e IoT para la optimización de variables geométricas, dimensionales, de entrada y salida de un sistema primario de colección mecánica a escala. El alcance de esta investigación está orientado a un estudio del tipo descriptivo y correlacional a partir de un diseño cuasi experimental. La metodología consistió en: a) obtener los cálculos de diseño geométrico de un ciclón Stairmand para partículas de entre 2 y 10 µm, b) diseño y modelado CAD del ciclón basado en los cálculos geométricos obtenidos en el punto a, c) análisis fluidodinámico computacional del modelo CAD integrando las variables de entrada/salida y ajustes de parámetros geométricos, d) optimización de los parámetro geométricos a partir de análisis estadístico de regresión lineal múltiple, e) diseño, validación y fabricación del modelo optimizado con manufactura aditiva, f) fabricación de un sistema de monitoreo de bajo costo de temperatura, caudal de entrada/salida, velocidad de entrada/salida, presión de operación y material particulado presente, utilizando tecnología IoT, g) sistema de alarma que indique, cuando los criterios ambientales en donde este expuesto el trabajador fuera de rango, con base a la NOM-025-SSA1-2021. Se logó incrementar la eficiencia de colección de un modelo teórico de 86.16% a un modelo optimizado a escala de 93.6%.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ciclón Stairmand, fluidodinámica computacional, IoT, material particulado, monitoreo, optimización
Subjects: Subjects > Engineering
Divisions: Ibero-american International University > Research > Doctoral Thesis
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2023 23:30
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2023 23:30
URI: https://repositorio.unini.edu.mx/id/eprint/5533

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A Systematic Survey of AI Models in Financial Market Forecasting for Profitability Analysis

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Prehospital acute life-threatening cardiovascular disease in elderly: an observational, prospective, multicentre, ambulance-based cohort study

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