Desarrollo de un plan de manejo agroecológico de mora (Rubus glaucus Benth) en la provincia de Tungurahua, Ecuador

Thesis Subjects > Engineering
Subjects > Nutrition
Europe University of Atlantic > Teaching > Final Master Projects
Ibero-american International University > Teaching > Final Master Projects
Cerrado Español La mora (Rubus glaucus Benth), una fruta de alta demanda en el mercado por su aporte nutricional y cualidades agroindustriales. En Ecuador, es cultivada por pequeños y medianos productores de la sierra. La provincia con el nivel de producción más alto en 2019 fue Tungurahua con el 39 % de la producción nacional y rendimiento de 7.46 t/ha. El consumo de mora ha disminuido por temor de consumidores de comprar una fruta que está relacionada altas aplicaciones de agroquímicos. El uso de éstos se relaciona con un mayor costo de producción; y, riesgo para el ambiente y salud de agricultores como también de consumidores. Como objetivo general tenemos el diferenciar el impacto ambiental y económico de la producción convencional y agroecológica de mora en Tungurahua, Ecuador. Se realizó una revisión del manejo agronómico de los cultivos de mora con los productores de Tungurahua a través de entrevistas. Se registró una base de datos, donde se detalló: área de cultivo, agroquímicos utilizados detallando ingrediente activo y su concentración, número de aplicaciones y dosis de producto. En base a esta información se determinó la tasa de impacto ambiental de cada uno de los agricultores entrevistados. Se determinó la rentabilidad de cada agricultor entrevistado, determinando la tasa interna de retorno, periodo de recuperación de inversión y valor actual neto. Se obtuvieron los siguientes resultados y conclusiones. Se obtuvo una reducción del 24.54% de impacto ambiental con un manejo limpio en comparación con un manejo convencional del cultivo de mora. Al realizar el cálculo de indicadores de rentabilidad, los resultados nos proporcionaron excelentes resultados para inversión en este cultivo, como también el tiempo de recuperación de la inversión nos indica que en definitiva el cultivo es factible y vale la pena la inversión. metadata Barona Martínez, Darío Paúl mail dabadray@hotmail.com (2022) Desarrollo de un plan de manejo agroecológico de mora (Rubus glaucus Benth) en la provincia de Tungurahua, Ecuador. Masters thesis, UNSPECIFIED.

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Abstract

La mora (Rubus glaucus Benth), una fruta de alta demanda en el mercado por su aporte nutricional y cualidades agroindustriales. En Ecuador, es cultivada por pequeños y medianos productores de la sierra. La provincia con el nivel de producción más alto en 2019 fue Tungurahua con el 39 % de la producción nacional y rendimiento de 7.46 t/ha. El consumo de mora ha disminuido por temor de consumidores de comprar una fruta que está relacionada altas aplicaciones de agroquímicos. El uso de éstos se relaciona con un mayor costo de producción; y, riesgo para el ambiente y salud de agricultores como también de consumidores. Como objetivo general tenemos el diferenciar el impacto ambiental y económico de la producción convencional y agroecológica de mora en Tungurahua, Ecuador. Se realizó una revisión del manejo agronómico de los cultivos de mora con los productores de Tungurahua a través de entrevistas. Se registró una base de datos, donde se detalló: área de cultivo, agroquímicos utilizados detallando ingrediente activo y su concentración, número de aplicaciones y dosis de producto. En base a esta información se determinó la tasa de impacto ambiental de cada uno de los agricultores entrevistados. Se determinó la rentabilidad de cada agricultor entrevistado, determinando la tasa interna de retorno, periodo de recuperación de inversión y valor actual neto. Se obtuvieron los siguientes resultados y conclusiones. Se obtuvo una reducción del 24.54% de impacto ambiental con un manejo limpio en comparación con un manejo convencional del cultivo de mora. Al realizar el cálculo de indicadores de rentabilidad, los resultados nos proporcionaron excelentes resultados para inversión en este cultivo, como también el tiempo de recuperación de la inversión nos indica que en definitiva el cultivo es factible y vale la pena la inversión.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Impacto ambiental, Manejo limpio, Sustentabilidad, Agroquímicos, EIQ
Subjects: Subjects > Engineering
Subjects > Nutrition
Divisions: Europe University of Atlantic > Teaching > Final Master Projects
Ibero-american International University > Teaching > Final Master Projects
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2023 23:30
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2023 23:30
URI: https://repositorio.unini.edu.mx/id/eprint/1453

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