Costo-efectividad de las intervenciones nutricias y dietéticas en salud

Article Subjects > Social Sciences
Subjects > Nutrition
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production Abierto Español metadata Rojo-López, Marina and Franco-Jimenez, J. Alfonso and Orozco González, Nelly mail marina.rojo@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED, nelly.orozco@unini.edu.mx (2019) Costo-efectividad de las intervenciones nutricias y dietéticas en salud. Población y Salud en Mesoamérica. ISSN 1659-0201

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Abstract

Introducción: Las estrategias nutricionales y dietéticas tienen por objetivo mejorar la salud. Los estudios de costos económicos permiten evaluar intervenciones, así como observar los costos y los beneficios. Se han desarrollado estrategias nutricionales cuyo costo sea bajo y cuya efectividad sea alta para disminuir la incidencia de enfermedades, por lo que desempeñan un papel importante en la recuperación y preservación de la salud. Material y métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda sistemática en las diferentes bases de datos, en la cual se incluyeron artículos costo-efectividad desde el punto de vista institucional, de intervenciones nutricionales y dietéticas desde 1980 a 2018. Los estudios se agruparon de acuerdo al tipo de intervención. Se comparó el objetivo de cada estudio con las diferencias de los estudios de simulación y de los estudios clínico-económicos. Resultados: Se incluyeron 34 artículos. Todos eran ensayos clínicos aleatorizados, tanto en los estudios tomados de la literatura para hacer los estudios de simulación como en los estudios clínico-económico. Conclusiones: No todas las publicaciones reportan las unidades de efectividad en el mismo sistema monetario, ni definen efectividad de la misma manera, sin embargo, las estrategias de intervención nutricionales y dietéticas demuestran ser efectivas al reducir los días de hospitalización y al mejorar los pronósticos vitales y el estado de salud en general de los pacientes, por lo que su costo no solo es amortizable, sino que debería considerarse como parte esencial de las intervenciones sanitarias.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Costo-efectividad; Intervención nutricional; soporte oral; vitaminas.
Subjects: Subjects > Social Sciences
Subjects > Nutrition
Divisions: Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2022 13:08
Last Modified: 01 Jun 2022 23:30
URI: https://repositorio.unini.edu.mx/id/eprint/2205

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