Planificación territorial sostenible sobre la regulación de la minería en América Latina, con enfoque en gestión del riesgo, resiliencia y adaptación al cambio climático.

Thesis Subjects > Engineering Ibero-american International University > Research > Doctoral Thesis Cerrado Español metadata Malave Figueroa, Adelso Nikolai mail kunico596@hotmail.com (2019) Planificación territorial sostenible sobre la regulación de la minería en América Latina, con enfoque en gestión del riesgo, resiliencia y adaptación al cambio climático. Doctoral thesis, Universidad Internacional Iberoamericana.

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Abstract

Hacia finales del año 2018 el Observatorio de Conflictos Mineros en América Latina informó de la existencia de 254 conflictos socio-ambientales activos, 273 proyectos mineros involucrados y 186 casos de criminalización de la protesta. Dichos conflictos se encuentran vinculados a operaciones mineras anárquicas, marcos institucionales debilitados y una participación social desarticulada. En este contexto, la investigación se planteó como objetivo diseñar un modelo para guiar la planificación sostenible de ordenamientos territoriales, con base en la comprensión de los espacios mineros, la gestión del riesgo de desastres en convergencia con la adaptación al cambio climático y la generación de resiliencia en Latinoamérica y el Caribe. Este fin se cimienta en los Objetivos de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo Sostenible, Agenda 2030 (ODS), las premisas de la United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR), las previsiones del Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) y, las recomendaciones del International Council on Mining and Metals (ICMM). El estudio de tipo proyectivo posee un diseño de campo no-experimental de corte transversal. Correspondió un muestreo aleatorio simple con resultado de 67 ONG (N = 80). Para el diagnóstico territorial se construyó una escala mediante el método holístico-hermenéutico, ya reflejando consistencia interna (α = 0,95; p < 0,05). Se elaboró el modelo orientativo de la planificación territorial sostenible de la minería (MOPTSM), siguiendo las asociaciones significativas entre sus componentes, los impactos socio-ambientales de la minería (W = 0,936; γ = -0,867; p < 0,01), y con respecto a la gestión de riesgo de desastres (d = 0,947; γ = 1,000; p < 0,01). La investigación concluye que el Modelo mitiga directamente las causas que producen a los impactos socio-ambientales perjudiciales y promueve, con sus enfoques transversales, la reducción de riesgos en los espacios mineros.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Planificación, Gestión ambiental, Adaptación al cambio climático, Minería, Resiliencia
Subjects: Subjects > Engineering
Divisions: Ibero-american International University > Research > Doctoral Thesis
Date Deposited: 26 Nov 2021 23:55
Last Modified: 26 Nov 2021 23:55
URI: https://repositorio.unini.edu.mx/id/eprint/434

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