Análisis de la relación entre los índices financieros y el ingreso neto: un enfoque de factores y de panel de datos

Thesis Subjects > Social Sciences Ibero-american International University > Research > Doctoral Thesis Cerrado Español metadata Cruz Rodríguez, José Orlando mail joseo.cruzrodriguez@gmail.com (2021) Análisis de la relación entre los índices financieros y el ingreso neto: un enfoque de factores y de panel de datos. Doctoral thesis, Universidad Internacional Iberoamericana México.

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Abstract

Esta investigación fue cuantitativa con un enfoque correlacional y se comparó la relación entre los índices financieros y el ingreso neto. El análisis se hizo desde un enfoque de factores y de panel de datos de los índices financieros entre los resultados de los índices financieros y los resultados del ingreso neto de las compañías catalogadas como S&P 500 durante los años 1990 hasta el 2010. El objetivo del estudio fue descubrir que índices tuvieron mayor relación con el ingreso neto. La hipótesis dirigida a establecer que los 35 índices financieros escogidos para el análisis factorial tenían relación con los cambios en el ingreso neto fue comprobada luego de realizado el análisis factorial. Esta relación se estudió tomando en cuenta los índices financieros y los indicadores económicos, tales como: el ingreso neto real de las empresas y también se hicieron los mismos análisis por categorías de negocios. Dado que no existieron estudios que tomaran en consideración por tantos años se consideraron el ingreso neto real y nominal en promedio de cinco años. Para los fines del estudio, un conjunto de treinta y cinco de los índices financieros y la opinión del auditor fueron seleccionados y clasificados en distintas categorías. Para reducir el número de variantes se hizo una reducción factorial y luego el análisis de regresión se llevó a cabo tomando los resultados de los factores dependiente y las variables constituyentes en el factor respectivo como variables independientes. Con base en el trabajo de investigación realizado se obtuvieron los elementos de juicio que permitieron concluir que los índices financieros tuvieron una relación directa con el ingreso neto de las compañías. Luego de realizado el análisis estadístico correspondiente en la investigación se encontraron grandes diferencias entre los índices financieros que tuvieron impacto cuando se utilizaron todas las empresas versus cuando se tomaron por categoría. Asimismo, el estudio demostró la importancia de utilizar el ingreso neto real en el análisis de los estados financieros de la impresa. Otro hallazgo consistió en que se validó la utilización del panel de datos y análisis de factores. Se encontró una gran importancia de los activos y el estado de situación. También, los hallazgos evidenciaron la importancia de la utilización de la tasa de inflación en estudios contables de tiempo. Asimismo, se demostró la importancia de medir los estados en promedios de cinco años.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Índices financieros, Contabilidad
Subjects: Subjects > Social Sciences
Divisions: Ibero-american International University > Research > Doctoral Thesis
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2022 23:55
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2022 23:55
URI: https://repositorio.unini.edu.mx/id/eprint/455

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