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2024

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Articles and books
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
University of La Romana > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Generative intelligence relies heavily on the integration of vision and language. Much of the research has focused on image captioning, which involves describing images with meaningful sentences. Typically, when generating sentences that describe the visual content, a language model and a vision encoder are commonly employed. Because of the incorporation of object areas, properties, multi-modal connections, attentive techniques, and early fusion approaches like bidirectional encoder representations from transformers (BERT), these components have experienced substantial advancements over the years. This research offers a reference to the body of literature, identifies emerging trends in an area that blends computer vision as well as natural language processing in order to maximize their complementary effects, and identifies the most significant technological improvements in architectures employed for image captioning. It also discusses various problem variants and open challenges. This comparison allows for an objective assessment of different techniques, architectures, and training strategies by identifying the most significant technical innovations, and offers valuable insights into the current landscape of image captioning research. metadata Jamil, Azhar and Rehman, Saif Ur and Mahmood, Khalid and Gracia Villar, Mónica and Prola, Thomas and Diez, Isabel De La Torre and Samad, Md Abdus and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, monica.gracia@uneatlantico.es, thomas.prola@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2024) Deep Learning Approaches for Image Captioning: Opportunities, Challenges and Future Potential. IEEE Access. p. 1. ISSN 2169-3536

Article Subjects > Biomedicine
Subjects > Nutrition
Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Articles and books
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
University of La Romana > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Isoflavones are a group of (poly)phenols, also defined as phytoestrogens, with chemical structures comparable with estrogen, that exert weak estrogenic effects. These phytochemical compounds have been targeted for their proven antioxidant and protective effects. Recognizing the increasing prevalence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), there is a growing interest in understanding the potential cardiovascular benefits associated with these phytochemical compounds. Gut microbiota may play a key role in mediating the effects of isoflavones on vascular and endothelial functions, as it is directly implicated in isoflavones metabolism. The findings from randomized clinical trials indicate that isoflavone supplementation may exert putative effects on vascular biomarkers among healthy individuals, but not among patients affected by cardiometabolic disorders. These results might be explained by the enzymatic transformation to which isoflavones are subjected by the gut microbiota, suggesting that a diverse composition of the microbiota may determine the diverse bioavailability of these compounds. Specifically, the conversion of isoflavones in equol—a microbiota-derived metabolite—seems to differ between individuals. Further studies are needed to clarify the intricate molecular mechanisms behind these contrasting results. metadata Laudani, Samuele and Godos, Justyna and Romano, Giovanni Luca and Gozzo, Lucia and Di Domenico, Federica Martina and Dominguez Azpíroz, Irma and Martínez Díaz, Raquel and Giampieri, Francesca and Quiles, José L. and Battino, Maurizio and Drago, Filippo and Galvano, Fabio and Grosso, Giuseppe mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, irma.dominguez@unini.edu.mx, raquel.martinez@uneatlantico.es, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2024) Isoflavones Effects on Vascular and Endothelial Outcomes: How Is the Gut Microbiota Involved? Pharmaceuticals, 17 (2). p. 236. ISSN 1424-8247

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Articles and books
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
University of La Romana > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The prevalence of sleep disorders, characterized by issues with quality, timing, and sleep duration is increasing globally. Among modifiable risk factors, diet quality has been suggested to influence sleep features. The Mediterranean diet is considered a landmark dietary pattern in terms of quality and effects on human health. However, dietary habits characterized by this cultural heritage should also be considered in the context of overall lifestyle behaviors, including sleep habits. This study aimed to systematically revise the literature relating to adherence to the Mediterranean diet and sleep features in observational studies. The systematic review comprised 23 reports describing the relation between adherence to the Mediterranean diet and different sleep features, including sleep quality, sleep duration, daytime sleepiness, and insomnia symptoms. The majority of the included studies were conducted in the Mediterranean basin and reported a significant association between a higher adherence to the Mediterranean diet and a lower likelihood of having poor sleep quality, inadequate sleep duration, excessive daytime sleepiness or symptoms of insomnia. Interestingly, additional studies conducted outside the Mediterranean basin showed a relationship between the adoption of a Mediterranean-type diet and sleep quality, suggesting that biological mechanisms sustaining such an association may exist. In conclusion, current evidence suggests a relationship between adhering to the Mediterranean diet and overall sleep quality and different sleep parameters. The plausible bidirectional association should be further investigated to understand whether the promotion of a healthy diet could be used as a tool to improve sleep quality. metadata Godos, Justyna and Ferri, Raffaele and Lanza, Giuseppe and Caraci, Filippo and Rojas Vistorte, Angel Olider and Yélamos Torres, Vanessa and Grosso, Giuseppe and Castellano, Sabrina mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, angel.rojas@uneatlantico.es, vanessa.yelamos@funiber.org, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2024) Mediterranean Diet and Sleep Features: A Systematic Review of Current Evidence. Nutrients, 16 (2). p. 282. ISSN 2072-6643

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Articles and books
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
University of La Romana > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Cardiovascular diseases are among the leading causes of mortality worldwide, with dietary factors being the main risk contributors. Diets rich in bioactive compounds, such as (poly)phenols, have been shown to potentially exert positive effects on vascular health. Among them, resveratrol has gained particular attention due to its potential antioxidant and anti-inflammatory action. Nevertheless, the results in humans are conflicting possibly due to interindividual different responses. The gut microbiota, a complex microbial community that inhabits the gastrointestinal tract, has been called out as potentially responsible for modulating the biological activities of phenolic metabolites in humans. The present review aims to summarize the main findings from clinical trials on the effects of resveratrol interventions on endothelial and vascular outcomes and review potential mechanisms interesting the role of gut microbiota on the metabolism of this molecule and its cardioprotective metabolites. The findings from randomized controlled trials show contrasting results on the effects of resveratrol supplementation and vascular biomarkers without dose-dependent effect. In particular, studies in which resveratrol was integrated using food sources, i.e., red wine, reported significant effects although the resveratrol content was, on average, much lower compared to tablet supplementation, while other studies with often extreme resveratrol supplementation resulted in null findings. The results from experimental studies suggest that resveratrol exerts cardioprotective effects through the modulation of various antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-hypertensive pathways, and microbiota composition. Recent studies on resveratrol-derived metabolites, such as piceatannol, have demonstrated its effects on biomarkers of vascular health. Moreover, resveratrol itself has been shown to improve the gut microbiota composition toward an anti-inflammatory profile. Considering the contrasting findings from clinical studies, future research exploring the bidirectional link between resveratrol metabolism and gut microbiota as well as the mediating effect of gut microbiota in resveratrol effect on cardiovascular health is warranted. metadata Godos, Justyna and Romano, Giovanni Luca and Gozzo, Lucia and Laudani, Samuele and Paladino, Nadia and Dominguez Azpíroz, Irma and Martínez López, Nohora Milena and Giampieri, Francesca and Quiles, José L. and Battino, Maurizio and Galvano, Fabio and Drago, Filippo and Grosso, Giuseppe mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, irma.dominguez@unini.edu.mx, nohora.martinez@uneatlantico.es, francesca.giampieri@uneatlantico.es, jose.quiles@uneatlantico.es, maurizio.battino@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2024) Resveratrol and vascular health: evidence from clinical studies and mechanisms of actions related to its metabolites produced by gut microbiota. Frontiers in Pharmacology, 15. ISSN 1663-9812

Article Subjects > Nutrition Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Articles and books
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
University of La Romana > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés The purpose of the study is to assess the risk of developing general eating disorders (ED), anorexia nervosa (AN), and bulimia nervosa (BN), as well as to examine the effects of gender, academic year, place of residence, faculty, and diet quality on that risk. Over two academic years, 129 first- and fourth-year Uneatlántico students were included in an observational descriptive study. The self-administered tests SCOFF, EAT-26, and BITE were used to determine the participants’ risk of developing ED. The degree of adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) was used to evaluate the quality of the diet. Data were collected at the beginning (T1) and at the end (T2) of the academic year. The main results were that at T1, 34.9% of participants were at risk of developing general ED, AN 3.9%, and BN 16.3%. At T2, these percentages were 37.2%, 14.7%, and 8.5%, respectively. At T2, the frequency of general ED in the female group was 2.5 times higher (OR: 2.55, 95% CI: 1.22–5.32, p = 0.012). The low-moderate adherence to the MD students’ group was 0.92 times less frequent than general ED at T2 (OR: 0.921, 95%CI: 0.385–2.20, p < 0.001). The most significant risk factor for developing ED is being a female in the first year of university. Moreover, it appears that the likelihood of developing ED generally increases during the academic year. metadata Eguren García, Imanol and Sumalla Cano, Sandra and Conde González, Sandra and Vila-Martí, Anna and Briones Urbano, Mercedes and Martínez Díaz, Raquel and Elío Pascual, Iñaki mail imanol.eguren@uneatlantico.es, sandra.sumalla@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, mercedes.briones@uneatlantico.es, raquel.martinez@uneatlantico.es, inaki.elio@uneatlantico.es (2024) Risk Factors for Eating Disorders in University Students: The RUNEAT Study. Healthcare, 12 (9). p. 942. ISSN 2227-9032

2023

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Articles and books
University of La Romana > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Behavioral economics and artificial intelligence (AI) have been two rapidly growing fields of research over the past few years. While behavioral economics aims to combine concepts from psychology, sociology, and neuroscience with classical economic thoughts to understand human decision-making processes in the complex economic environment, AI on the other hand, focuses on creating intelligent machines that can mimic human cognitive abilities such as learning, problem-solving, decision-making, and language understanding. The intersection of these two fields has led to thrilling research theories and practical applications. This study provides a bibliometric analysis of the literature on AI and behavioral economics to gain insight into research trends in this field. We conducted this bibliometric analysis using the Web of Science database on articles published between 2012 and 2022 that were related to AI and behavioral economics. VOSviewer and Bibliometrix R package were utilized to identify influential authors, journals, institutions, and countries in the field. Network analysis was also performed to identify the main research themes and their interrelationships. The analysis revealed that the number of publications on AI and behavioral economics has been increasing steadily over the past decade. We found that most studies focused on customer and consumer behavior, including topics such as decision-making under uncertainty, neuroeconomics, and behavioral game theory, combined mainly with machine learning and deep learning techniques. We also identified several emerging themes, including the use of AI in nudging and prospect theory in behavioral finance, as well as undeveloped themes such as AI-driven behavioral macroeconomics. The findings suggests that there is a need for more interdisciplinary collaboration between researchers in behavioral economics and AI. We also suggest that future research on AI and behavioral economics further consider the ethical implications of using AI and behavioral insights in decision-making. This study can serve as a valuable resource for researchers interested in AI and behavioral economics. metadata Aoujil, Zakaria and Hanine, Mohamed and Soriano Flores, Emmanuel and Samad, Md Abdu and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, emmanuel.soriano@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Artificial Intelligence and Behavioral Economics: A Bibliographic Analysis of Research Field. IEEE Access. p. 1. ISSN 2169-3536 (In Press)

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Articles and books
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
University of La Romana > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Objective The aim was to explore the association of demographic and prehospital parameters with short-term and long-term mortality in acute life-threatening cardiovascular disease by using a hazard model, focusing on elderly individuals, by comparing patients under 75 years versus patients over 75 years of age. Design Prospective, multicentre, observational study. Setting Emergency medical services (EMS) delivery study gathering data from two back-to-back studies between 1 October 2019 and 30 November 2021. Six advanced life support (ALS), 43 basic life support and five hospitals in Spain were considered. Participants Adult patients suffering from acute life-threatening cardiovascular disease attended by the EMS. Primary and secondary outcome measures The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality from any cause within the first to the 365 days following EMS attendance. The main measures included prehospital demographics, biochemical variables, prehospital ALS techniques used and syndromic suspected conditions. Results A total of 1744 patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The 365-day cumulative mortality in the elderly amounted to 26.1% (229 cases) versus 11.6% (11.6%) in patients under 75 years old. Elderly patients (≥75 years) presented a twofold risk of mortality compared with patients ≤74 years. Life-threatening interventions (mechanical ventilation, cardioversion and defibrillation) were also related to a twofold increased risk of mortality. Importantly, patients suffering from acute heart failure presented a more than twofold increased risk of mortality. Conclusions This study revealed the prehospital variables associated with the long-term mortality of patients suffering from acute cardiovascular disease. Our results provide important insights for the development of specific codes or scores for cardiovascular diseases to facilitate the risk of mortality characterisation. metadata del Pozo Vegas, Carlos and Zalama-Sánchez, Daniel and Sanz-Garcia, Ancor and López-Izquierdo, Raúl and Sáez-Belloso, Silvia and Mazas Pérez-Oleaga, Cristina and Dominguez Azpíroz, Irma and Elío Pascual, Iñaki and Martín-Rodríguez, Francisco mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, cristina.mazas@uneatlantico.es, irma.dominguez@unini.edu.mx, inaki.elio@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Prehospital acute life-threatening cardiovascular disease in elderly: an observational, prospective, multicentre, ambulance-based cohort study. BMJ Open, 13 (11). e078815. ISSN 2044-6055

Article Subjects > Biomedicine Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Articles and books
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
University of La Romana > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Introduction: Rotavirus infection is a major cause of mortality among children under 5 years in Bangladesh. There is lack of integrated studies on rotavirus prevalence and genetic diversity during 1973 to 2023 in Bangladesh. Methods: This meta-analysis was conducted to determine the prevalence, genotypic diversity and seasonal distribution of rotavirus during pre-vaccination period in Bangladesh. This study included published articles on rotavirus A, rotavirus B and rotavirus C. We used Medline, Scopus and Google Scholar for published articles. Selected literatures were published between 1973 to 2023. Results: This study detected 12431 research articles published on rotavirus. Based on the inclusion criteria, 29 of 75 (30.2%) studies were selected. Molecular epidemiological data was taken from 29 articles, prevalence data from 29 articles, and clinical symptoms from 19 articles. The pooled prevalence of rotavirus was 30.1% (95% CI: 22%-45%, p = 0.005). Rotavirus G1 (27.1%, 2228 of 8219) was the most prevalent followed by G2 (21.09%, 1733 of 8219), G4 (11.58%, 952 of 8219), G9 (9.37%, 770 of 8219), G12 (8.48%, 697 of 8219), and G3 (2.79%, 229 of 8219), respectively. Genotype P[8] (40.6%, 2548 of 6274) was the most prevalent followed by P[4] (12.4%, 777 of 6274) and P[6] (6.4%, 400 of 6274), respectively. Rotavirus G1P[8] (19%) was the most frequent followed by G2P [4] (9.4%), G12P[8] (7.2%), and G9P[8], respectively. Rotavirus infection had higher odds of occurrence during December and February (aOR: 2.86, 95% CI: 2.43-3.6, p = 0.001). Discussion: This is the first meta-analysis including all the studies on prevalence, molecular epidemiology, and genetic diversity of rotavirus from 1973 to 2023, pre-vaccination period in Bangladesh. This study will provide overall scenario of rotavirus genetic diversity and seasonality during pre-vaccination period and aids in policy making for rotavirus vaccination program in Bangladesh. This work will add valuable knowledge for vaccination against rotavirus and compare the data after starting vaccination in Bangladesh. metadata Sharif, Nadim and Sharif, Nazmul and Khan, Afsana and Dominguez Azpíroz, Irma and Martínez Díaz, Raquel and Díez, Isabel De la Torre and Parvez, Anowar Khasru and Dey, Shuvra Kanti mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, irma.dominguez@unini.edu.mx, raquel.martinez@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Prevalence and genetic diversity of rotavirus in Bangladesh during pre-vaccination period, 1973-2023: a meta-analysis. Frontiers in Immunology, 14. ISSN 1664-3224

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Articles and books
Ibero-american International University > Research > Scientific Production
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
University of La Romana > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Software cost and effort estimation is one of the most significant tasks in the area of software engineering. Research conducted in this field has been evolving with new techniques that necessitate periodic comparative analyses. Software project success largely depends on accurate software cost estimation as it gives an idea of the challenges and risks involved in the development. The great diversity of ML and Non-ML techniques has generated a comparison and progressed into the integration of these techniques. Based on varying advantages it has become imperative to work out preferred estimation techniques to improve the project development process. This study aims to present a systematic literature review (SLR) to investigate the trends of the articles published in the recent one and a half decades and to propose a way forward. This systematic literature review has proposed a three-stage approach to plan (Tollgate approach), conduct (Likert type scale), and report the results from five renowned digital libraries. For the selected 52 articles, artificial neural network model (ANN) and constructive cost model (COCOMO) based approaches have been the favored techniques. The mean magnitude of relative error (MMRE) has been the preferred accuracy metric, software engineering, and project management are the most relevant fields, and the promise repository has been identified as the widely accessed database. This review is likely to be of value for the development, cost, and effort estimations. metadata Rashid, Chaudhary Hamza and Shafi, Imran and Ahmad, Jamil and Bautista Thompson, Ernesto and Masías Vergara, Manuel and Diez, Isabel De La Torre and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, ernesto.bautista@unini.edu.mx, manuel.masias@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) Software Cost and Effort Estimation: Current Approaches and Future Trends. IEEE Access. p. 1. ISSN 2169-3536

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Articles and books
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
University of La Romana > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Data mining is an analytical approach that contributes to achieving a solution to many problems by extracting previously unknown, fascinating, nontrivial, and potentially valuable information from massive datasets. Clustering in data mining is used for splitting or segmenting data items/points into meaningful groups and clusters by grouping the items that are near to each other based on certain statistics. This paper covers various elements of clustering, such as algorithmic methodologies, applications, clustering assessment measurement, and researcher-proposed enhancements with their impact on data mining thorough grasp of clustering algorithms, its applications, and the advances achieved in the existing literature. This study includes a literature search for papers published between 1995 and 2023, including conference and journal publications. The study begins by outlining fundamental clustering techniques along with algorithm improvements and emphasizing their advantages and limitations in comparison to other clustering algorithms. It investigates the evolution measures for clustering algorithms with an emphasis on metrics used to gauge clustering quality, such as the F-measure and the Rand Index. This study includes a variety of clustering-related topics, such as algorithmic approaches, practical applications, metrics for clustering evaluation, and researcher-proposed improvements. It addresses numerous methodologies offered to increase the convergence speed, resilience, and accuracy of clustering, such as initialization procedures, distance measures, and optimization strategies. The work concludes by emphasizing clustering as an active research area driven by the need to identify significant patterns and structures in data, enhance knowledge acquisition, and improve decision making across different domains. This study aims to contribute to the broader knowledge base of data mining practitioners and researchers, facilitating informed decision making and fostering advancements in the field through a thorough analysis of algorithmic enhancements, clustering assessment metrics, and optimization strategies. metadata Chaudhry, Mahnoor and Shafi, Imran and Mahnoor, Mahnoor and Ramírez-Vargas, Debora L. and Bautista Thompson, Ernesto and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, debora.ramirez@unini.edu.mx, ernesto.bautista@unini.edu.mx, UNSPECIFIED (2023) A Systematic Literature Review on Identifying Patterns Using Unsupervised Clustering Algorithms: A Data Mining Perspective. Symmetry, 15 (9). p. 1679. ISSN 2073-8994

Article Subjects > Engineering Europe University of Atlantic > Research > Scientific Production
Fundación Universitaria Internacional de Colombia > Research > Scientific Production
Ibero-american International University > Research > Articles and books
Universidad Internacional do Cuanza > Research > Scientific Production
University of La Romana > Research > Scientific Production
Abierto Inglés Artificial intelligence (AI)-based models have emerged as powerful tools in financial markets, capable of reducing investment risks and aiding in selecting highly profitable stocks by achieving precise predictions. This holds immense value for investors, as it empowers them to make data-driven decisions. Identifying current and future trends in multi-class forecasting techniques employed within financial markets, particularly profitability analysis as an evaluation metric is important. The review focuses on examining stud-ies conducted between 2018 and 2023, sourced from three prominent academic databases. A meticulous three-stage approach was employed, encompassing the systematic planning, conduct, and analysis of the se-lected studies. Specifically, the analysis emphasizes technical assessment, profitability analysis, hybrid mod-eling, and the type of results generated by models. Articles were shortlisted based on inclusion and exclusion criteria, while a rigorous quality assessment through ten quality criteria questions, utilizing a Likert-type scale was employed to ensure methodological robustness. We observed that ensemble and hybrid models with long short-term memory (LSTM) and support vector machines (SVM) are being more adopted for financial trends and price prediction. Moreover, hybrid models employing AI algorithms for feature engineering have great potential at par with ensemble techniques. Most studies only employ performance metrics and lack utilization of profitability metrics or investment or trading strategy (simulated or real-time). Similarly, research on multi-class or output is severely lacking in financial forecasting and can be a good avenue for future research. metadata Khattak, Bilal Hassan Ahmed and Shafi, Imran and Khan, Abdul Saboor and Soriano Flores, Emmanuel and García Lara, Roberto and Samad, Md. Abdus and Ashraf, Imran mail UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, emmanuel.soriano@uneatlantico.es, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED, UNSPECIFIED (2023) A Systematic Survey of AI Models in Financial Market Forecasting for Profitability Analysis. IEEE Access, 11. pp. 125359-125380. ISSN 2169-3536

<a class="ep_document_link" href="/10290/1/Influence%20of%20E-learning%20training%20on%20the%20acquisition%20of%20competences%20in%20basketball%20coaches%20in%20Cantabria.pdf"><img class="ep_doc_icon" alt="[img]" src="/style/images/fileicons/text.png" border="0"/></a>

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Influence of E-learning training on the acquisition of competences in basketball coaches in Cantabria

The main aim of this study was to analyse the influence of e-learning training on the acquisition of competences in basketball coaches in Cantabria. The current landscape of basketball coach training shows an increasing demand for innovative training models and emerging pedagogies, including e-learning-based methodologies. The study sample consisted of fifty students from these courses, all above 16 years of age (36 males, 14 females). Among them, 16% resided outside the autonomous community of Cantabria, 10% resided more than 50 km from the city of Santander, 36% between 10 and 50 km, 14% less than 10 km, and 24% resided within Santander city. Data were collected through a Google Forms survey distributed by the Cantabrian Basketball Federation to training course students. Participation was voluntary and anonymous. The survey, consisting of 56 questions, was validated by two sports and health doctors and two senior basketball coaches. The collected data were processed and analysed using Microsoft® Excel version 16.74, and the results were expressed in percentages. The analysis revealed that 24.60% of the students trained through the e-learning methodology considered themselves fully qualified as basketball coaches, contrasting with 10.98% of those trained via traditional face-to-face methodology. The results of the study provide insights into important characteristics that can be adjusted and improved within the investigated educational process. Moreover, the study concludes that e-learning training effectively qualifies basketball coaches in Cantabria.

Producción Científica

Josep Alemany Iturriaga mail josep.alemany@uneatlantico.es, Álvaro Velarde-Sotres mail alvaro.velarde@uneatlantico.es, Javier Jorge mail , Kamil Giglio mail ,

Alemany Iturriaga

<a class="ep_document_link" href="/11941/1/healthcare-12-00942.pdf"><img class="ep_doc_icon" alt="[img]" src="/style/images/fileicons/text.png" border="0"/></a>

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Risk Factors for Eating Disorders in University Students: The RUNEAT Study

The purpose of the study is to assess the risk of developing general eating disorders (ED), anorexia nervosa (AN), and bulimia nervosa (BN), as well as to examine the effects of gender, academic year, place of residence, faculty, and diet quality on that risk. Over two academic years, 129 first- and fourth-year Uneatlántico students were included in an observational descriptive study. The self-administered tests SCOFF, EAT-26, and BITE were used to determine the participants’ risk of developing ED. The degree of adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) was used to evaluate the quality of the diet. Data were collected at the beginning (T1) and at the end (T2) of the academic year. The main results were that at T1, 34.9% of participants were at risk of developing general ED, AN 3.9%, and BN 16.3%. At T2, these percentages were 37.2%, 14.7%, and 8.5%, respectively. At T2, the frequency of general ED in the female group was 2.5 times higher (OR: 2.55, 95% CI: 1.22–5.32, p = 0.012). The low-moderate adherence to the MD students’ group was 0.92 times less frequent than general ED at T2 (OR: 0.921, 95%CI: 0.385–2.20, p < 0.001). The most significant risk factor for developing ED is being a female in the first year of university. Moreover, it appears that the likelihood of developing ED generally increases during the academic year.

Producción Científica

Imanol Eguren García mail imanol.eguren@uneatlantico.es, Sandra Sumalla Cano mail sandra.sumalla@uneatlantico.es, Sandra Conde González mail , Anna Vila-Martí mail , Mercedes Briones Urbano mail mercedes.briones@uneatlantico.es, Raquel Martínez Díaz mail raquel.martinez@uneatlantico.es, Iñaki Elío Pascual mail inaki.elio@uneatlantico.es,

Eguren García

<a class="ep_document_link" href="/11642/1/s41598-024-57547-4.pdf"><img class="ep_doc_icon" alt="[img]" src="/style/images/fileicons/text.png" border="0"/></a>

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Adaptive neighborhood rough set model for hybrid data processing: a case study on Parkinson’s disease behavioral analysis

Extracting knowledge from hybrid data, comprising both categorical and numerical data, poses significant challenges due to the inherent difficulty in preserving information and practical meanings during the conversion process. To address this challenge, hybrid data processing methods, combining complementary rough sets, have emerged as a promising approach for handling uncertainty. However, selecting an appropriate model and effectively utilizing it in data mining requires a thorough qualitative and quantitative comparison of existing hybrid data processing models. This research aims to contribute to the analysis of hybrid data processing models based on neighborhood rough sets by investigating the inherent relationships among these models. We propose a generic neighborhood rough set-based hybrid model specifically designed for processing hybrid data, thereby enhancing the efficacy of the data mining process without resorting to discretization and avoiding information loss or practical meaning degradation in datasets. The proposed scheme dynamically adapts the threshold value for the neighborhood approximation space according to the characteristics of the given datasets, ensuring optimal performance without sacrificing accuracy. To evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed scheme, we develop a testbed tailored for Parkinson’s patients, a domain where hybrid data processing is particularly relevant. The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed scheme consistently outperforms existing schemes in adaptively handling both numerical and categorical data, achieving an impressive accuracy of 95% on the Parkinson’s dataset. Overall, this research contributes to advancing hybrid data processing techniques by providing a robust and adaptive solution that addresses the challenges associated with handling hybrid data, particularly in the context of Parkinson’s disease analysis.

Producción Científica

Imran Raza mail , Muhammad Hasan Jamal mail , Rizwan Qureshi mail , Abdul Karim Shahid mail , Angel Olider Rojas Vistorte mail angel.rojas@uneatlantico.es, Md Abdus Samad mail , Imran Ashraf mail ,

Raza

<a href="/12103/1/jcm-13-02514.pdf" class="ep_document_link"><img class="ep_doc_icon" alt="[img]" src="/style/images/fileicons/text.png" border="0"/></a>

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A Prospective Observational Study of Frailty in Geriatric Revitalization Aimed at Community-Dwelling Elderly

(1) Background: The increasing life expectancy brings an increase in geriatric syndromes, specifically frailty. The literature shows that exercise is a key to preventing, or even reversing, frailty in community-dwelling populations. The main objective is to demonstrate how an intervention based on multicomponent exercise produces an improvement in frailty and pre-frailty in a community-dwelling population. (2) Methods: a prospective observational study of a multicomponent exercise program for geriatric revitalization with people aged over 65 holding Barthel Index scores equal to, or beyond, 90. The program was developed over 30 weeks, three times a week, in sessions lasting 45–50 min each. Frailty levels were registered by the Short Physical Performance Battery, FRAIL Questionnaire Screening Tool, and Timed “Up & Go” at the beginning of the program, 30 weeks later (at the end of the program), and following 13 weeks without training; (3) Results: 360 participants completed the program; a greater risk of frailty was found before the program started among older women living in urban areas, with a more elevated fat percentage, more baseline pathologies, and wider baseline medication use. Furthermore, heterogeneous results were observed both in training periods and in periods without physical activity. However, they are consistent over time and show improvement after training. They show a good correlation between TUG and SPPB; (4) Conclusions: A thirty-week multicomponent exercise program improves frailty and pre-frailty status in a community-dwelling population with no functional decline. Nevertheless, a lack of homogeneity is evident among the various tools used for measuring frailty over training periods and inactivity periods.

Producción Científica

Almudena Morales-Sánchez mail , José Ignacio Calvo Arenillas mail , María José Gutiérrez Palmero mail , José L. Martín-Conty mail , Begoña Polonio-López mail , Luis Alonso Dzul Lopez mail luis.dzul@unini.edu.mx, Laura Mordillo-Mateos mail , Juan José Bernal-Jiménez mail , Rosa Conty-Serrano mail , Francisca Torres-Falguera mail , Alfonso Martínez Cano mail , Carlos Durantez-Fernández mail ,

Morales-Sánchez

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Exploring Microstructural, Interfacial, Mechanical, and Wear Properties of AlSi7Mg0.3 Composites with TiMOVWCr High-Entropy Alloy Powder

This study explored the impact of varying weight percentages of TiMoVWCr high-entropy alloy (HEA) powder addition on A356 composites produced using friction stir processing (FSP). Unlike previous research that often focused on singular aspects, such as mechanical properties, or microstructural analysis, this investigation systematically examined the multifaceted performance of A356 composites by comprehensively assessing the microstructure, interfacial bonding strength, mechanical properties, and wear behavior. The study identified a uniform distribution of TiMoVWCr HEA powder in the composition A356/2%Ti2%Mo2%V2%W2%Cr, highlighting the effectiveness of the FSP technique in achieving homogeneous dispersion. Strong bonding between the reinforcement and matrix material was observed in the same composition, indicating favorable interfacial characteristics. Mechanical properties, including tensile strength and hardness, were evaluated for various compositions, demonstrating significant improvements across the board. The addition of 2%Ti2%Mo2%V2%W2%Cr powder enhanced the tensile strength by 36.39%, while hardness improved by 62.71%. Similarly, wear resistance showed notable enhancements ranging from 35.56 to 48.89% for different compositions. Microstructural analysis revealed approximately 1640.59 grains per square inch for the A356/2%Ti2%Mo2%V2%W2%Cr processed composite at 500 magnifications. In reinforcing Al composites with Ti, Mo, V, W, and Cr high-entropy alloy (HEA) particles, each element imparted distinct benefits. Titanium (Ti) enhanced strength and wear resistance, molybdenum (Mo) contributed to improved hardness, vanadium (V) promoted hardenability, tungsten (W) enhanced wear resistance, and chromium (Cr) provided wear resistance and hardness. Anticipating the potential applications of the developed composite, the study suggests its suitability for the aerospace sector, particularly in casting lightweight yet high-strength parts such as aircraft components, engine components, and structural components, underlining the significance of the investigated TiMoVWCr HEA powder-modified A356 composites.

Artículos y libros

Shashi Prakash Dwivedi mail , Shubham Sharma mail , Changhe Li mail , Yanbin Zhang mail , Rajesh Singh mail , Abhinav Kumar mail , Fuad A. Awwad mail , M. Ijaz Khan mail , Emad A. A. Ismail mail ,

Dwivedi